Indonesian Heritage Inventory, a New Way to Access Intangible Heritage
Recently, Indonesia became one of countries that experienced a boom in the use of social/networking media. Facebook and Twitter users in Indonesia are always in the top ranking of the world. The largest number of social media consumers in Indonesia is found among young people. This phenomenon allowed for the emergence of citizen journalism that, consciously or not, represents a new model of documentation by the public, known as crowd-sourcing.
Public in Indonesia is already familiar with database crowd-sourcing, not only for collecting information, but also for managing public campaign and people action. Facebook to fight against corruption, challenge laws that do not served people’s justice, and help disaster victims.
There are many groups of social media users that share information about cultural heritage. When someone visits a cultural heritage site, he or she would typically take a picture of himself with the heritage site as the background. Then he or she will upload it to the social media, then write a complete description about the visited site. This is a first step to preserves cultural heritage.
Is this enough then to be called as database system? Not yet! One place is needed to provide all the information about Indonesian heritage. The system managed by the Indonesian government and some other institutions does not seem to be yet ready for this task, both in terms of infrastructure and in terms of human resources. Each department has their own central database, but it is not integrated and not easily accessible to the public. This is the reason why crowd-sourcing is needed.
Since January 2012, there is an initiative to build a database system in Indonesia, called Indonesian Heritage Inventory (IHI – http://indonesianheritage.web.id). IHI records information as texts, maps, ictures and videos. IHI system is dynamic allowing everyone to use and/or add information.
Keywords: social media, crowd-sourcing, citizen journalist.
Abstract submitted for NODEM 2012 Conference in Hong Kong